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Bharatiya janata party, karnataka

The meaning of «bharatiya janata party, karnataka»

Bharatiya Janata Party, or simply, BJP is the affiliate of Bharatiya Janata Party for the state of Karnataka. Its head office is situated at the BJP Bhavan, 11th Cross, Temple Street, Malleshwaram, Bengaluru. The party appointed Nalin Kumar Kateel as the president of the BJP Karnataka, until 2023 after B. S. Yediyurappa took oath as the Chief Minister of Karnataka for the fourth time. Till date there has been 4 Chief Ministers who have served Karnataka from the party.

BJP contested 110 seats in the January 1983 Karnataka Legislative Assembly election, winning 18 seats and obtained 7.9% of the votes cast across the state.[1][2] Out of its 110 candidates, 71 lost their deposits.[1] Along with the Andhra Pradesh legislative election there same year, this marked the first major performance of the party in southern India.[1] Nine out of the 18 BJP legislators came from the coastal districts.[3] The influence of BJP in Karnataka was marked by its inability to mobilize support in rural areas, where the Janata Dal leader Ramakrishna Hegde and Abdul Nazir Sab (Hegde's Rural Development Minister) had built a strong network of local Janata Dal leaders through the panchayat system.[3] After the 1983 election the BJP offered some outside support to the Hedge government.[3]

The party suffered a set-back in the 1985 Karnataka Legislative Assembly election, only 2 of its 115 candidates were elected.[1] The party obtained 3.7% of the state-wide vote and 100 of its candidates lost their deposits.[1]

The 1980s was characterized by internal strife in the BJP Karnataka unit, as the followers of Ananth Kumar and V. Dhananjay Kumar combatted each other.[4] Ananth Kumar was the secretary of the Karnataka BJP unit 1987–1988.[5] In 1988, trying to overcome the split, B. S. Yediyurappa was chosen as the consensus candidate for the presidency of the BJP Karnataka state unit.[4] BJP contested 119 seats in the 1989 Karnataka Legislative Assembly election, winning four seats and obtaining 4.13% of the votes cast across the state.[6]

BJP obtained 28.8% of the votes in Karnataka in the 1991 Indian general election.[7] This result marked a sharp increase from the 2.5% of the votes that the party had received in the 1989 Indian general election in Karnataka.[8] This time BJP had contested all 28 Lok Sabha seats in the state, winning four.[9] The growth of BJP vote in Karnataka was partially due to the Ram Janmabhoomi campaign and the nationalist discourse of the party.[9]

BJP fielded 223 candidates in the 1994 Karnataka Legislative Assembly election.[6] Ahead of the election the party state unit published a 41-page manifesto, seeking to portray a pragmatic and populist approach of the party with a focus on socio-economic issues rather than communalist discourse.[10] After the 1994 Karnataka Legislative Assembly election, BJP held the role as Leader of Opposition in the assembly for a brief period.[7] The electoral result had an important symbolic meaning for the BJP, who had begun to see Karnataka as its 'gateway' into south India.[8]

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