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Education in south korea

The meaning of «education in south korea»

Education in South Korea is provided by both public schools and private schools. Both types of schools receive funding from the government, although the amount that the private schools receive is less than the amount of the state schools.[8]

South Korea is one of the top-performing OECD countries in reading literacy, mathematics and sciences with the average student scoring about 519, compared with the OECD average of 493, placing it ninth in the world.[9][10] The country has one of the world's highest-educated labour forces among OECD countries.[11][12] The country is well known for its obsession with education, which has come to be called "education fever".[13][14][15] The resource-poor nation is consistently ranked amongst the top for global education.

Higher education is an overwhelmingly serious issue in South Korean society, where it is viewed as one of the fundamental cornerstones of South Korean life. Education is regarded as a high priority for South Korean families, as success in education is crucial for improving one's socioeconomic position in South Korean society.[16][17] Academic success is often a source of pride for families and within South Korean society at large. South Koreans view education as the main propeller of social mobility for themselves and their family as a gateway to the South Korean middle class. Graduating from a top university is the ultimate indication of prestige, high socioeconomic status, promising marriage prospects, and a prestigious and respectable white collar career path.[18] Many South Korean parents hold high educational expectations for their children, emphasize academic achievement and actively monitor in their children's academic progress by ensuring that their children receive top grades in school to have the potential to go on to enroll in the nation's most prestigious universities. To uphold the family honor, many South Korean children are expected to go on to university and take part in a prestigious white-collar occupation as their future career choice. An average South Korean child's life revolves around education as pressure to succeed academically is deeply ingrained in South Korean children from an early age. South Korean students are faced with immense pressure to succeed academically from their parents, teachers, peers and society. This is largely a result of a society that has entrenched a great amount of importance on higher education, with those lacking formal university education often facing social prejudice as well as significant life-long consequences such as a stagnant and lower socioeconomic status, diminishing marriage prospects, and low possibilities of securing a respectable white collar and professional career path.[19]

While obtaining a higher education in South Korea is not mandatory, it is abnormal to not have one. In 2014, South Korea’s universities were attended by over two million students. The amount of teens age 15-19 is over two million, meaning only 1.7% of students between that age group are not attending college. (Krechetnikov, 2016)

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