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Erfurt hauptbahnhof

The meaning of «erfurt hauptbahnhof»

Erfurt Hauptbahnhof (Erfurt Hbf) or Erfurt Central Station[3][4][5] is the central railway station at Erfurt in Germany.[6] It is an important junction on the German rail network, served by numerous local and long-distance rail services. Immediately north of the station is Erfurt's city centre. The station was used by approximately 12.5 million passengers in 2006, an average of about 34,000 per day. The station lies on the Thüringer Bahn, which connects Halle to Bebra. It is served also by the Erfurter Bahn.

It was rebuilt from 2002 to 2008 for the completion of the Nuremberg–Erfurt high-speed railway and the Erfurt–Leipzig/Halle high-speed railway and connects the Berlin–Munich and Frankfurt–Dresden long-distance routes.

Erfurt Hauptbahnhof is located in the district of Altstadt (old town), 500 metres south of the Anger (the Erfurt central square, literally, the village green), on the former fortress established in the 15th century. To the south, it borders on the districts of Löbervorstadt and Daberstedt. The marshalling yard and freight yard as well as the operating facilities of the Hauptbahnhof are located to the east in the Krämpfervorstadt. There and in Daberstedt there used to be numerous apartments for railwaymen. The station itself is bordered to the south by the Flutgraben (flood channel) and to the north by Willy-Brandt-Platz. Underneath the railway station is the station road, which is used by the city's public transport. It is used by tram lines 1, 3, 4, 5 and 6 as well as bus routes. Other buses run to the bus station located 150 metres northeast of the station in Bürgermeister-Wagner-Straße. In the adjacent Kurt-Schumacher-Straße there is car access to the station, parking lots, taxis ranks and the InterCityHotel. The old station hotel, the Erfurter Hof, was the location in March 1970[7] of the Erfurt Summit between Willy Brandt and Willi Stoph, the first meeting between leaders of East Germany and West Germany. Today it is used as a business centre.

Erfurt Hauptbahnhof has experienced several new developments and reconstructions in the course of its history.

The location of the first Erfurt station was controversial. Inside the Erfurt city walls there were only a very limited area available and outside the fortifications a suitable area was available in the Krämpfer field to the east of the Schmidtstedter Tore (gate). The Erfurt Mayor, Karl Friedrich Wagner, however, argued in favour of a location within the city fortification and the Prussian authorities and the military also demanded that the route of the railway line pass through the fortress ramparts, so that they could stop railway operations in crisis situations. In July 1845, the decision was finally taken to build the station within the fortifications, north of the hohen Batterie (high battery).[8]

The first railway station was built in 1846 during the construction of the Thuringian Railway by the Thuringian Railway Company (Thüringische Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft). The location chosen meant that the construction of two double tunnels through the fortress wall and several wooden bridges across the moat would be required. It was opened with the Weimar–Erfurt line on 1 April 1847 with all buildings finished except for the entrance building, which was completed in 1852.[9] Apart from the unfinished entrance building, the station had at its opening a locomotive building, a goods shed, a carriage shed, a coke shed, a shed for reserve locomotives and an operations workshop. Within a few years of its opening, the infrastructure was no longer sufficient for the growing needs. Two buildings, an additional goods sheds and a carriage shed, were planned in 1850 and completed in 1854. An enlargement of the locomotive shed was necessary in 1852 and the freight yard was expanded from 1855. One year later, the side wing of the workshop received another floor; the coke shed was converted into a locomotive shed together with a large turntable after the conversion of locomotive operations to coal.[10]

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