Home »

Human rights in japan

The meaning of «human rights in japan»

The topic of human rights in Japan has often been controversial especially domestically ever since the end of World War II, whereby it caused the abrupt end of the aggressive military expansion when it considered itself an empire. The tendency of successive Japanese governments especially under the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) or ultra-nationalist groups such as the Uyoku dantai to subsequently whitewash or deny its history whenever major human rights violations had occurred is also common in present-day Japan.[1][2][3][4]

Japan lacks any law which prohibits racial, ethnic, or religious discrimination, or discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. The country also has no national human rights institutions.[5] The Human Rights Scores Dataverse ranked Japan somewhere the middle among G7 countries on its human rights performance, below Germany and Canada and above the United Kingdom, France, Italy, and the United States.[6] The Fragile States Index ranked Japan second last in the G7 after the United States on its "Human Rights and Rule of Law" sub-indicator.[7]

Foreigners in Japan often face human rights violations that Japanese citizens may not. In recent years, non-Japanese media has reported that Japanese firms frequently confiscate the passports of guest workers in Japan, particularly unskilled laborers.[8][9] Critics call this practice, which is legal and encouraged in Japan, coercive and a form of human trafficking.[10]

According to Ministry of Justice (MOJ) figures, the Japanese Legal Affairs Bureau offices and civil liberties volunteers dealt with 359,971 human rights related complaints and 18,786 reports of suspected human rights violations during 2003.[11]

Article 14 of the Japanese Constitution guarantees equality between the sexes. The percentage of women in full-time jobs grew steadily during the 1980s and early 1990s. The Diet's passage of the Law for Equal Opportunity in Employment for Men and Women in 1985 is of some help in securing women's rights, even though the law is a "guideline" and entails no legal penalties for employers who discriminate (see Working women in Japan).

Japan has a conviction rate of over 99%.[12] In several cases, courts have acknowledged confessions were forced and released those imprisoned. To combat this, a law was passed in 2016 requiring some interrogations to be videotaped. However, this only applies to people accused of serious crimes, such as murder, arson and kidnapping, which make up only 3% of cases.[13] In common law countries which practice trial by jury, a high conviction rate may indicate that defendants are not receiving a fair trial. Sometimes Japanese prosecutors decide not to prosecute in the case of minor crimes or when there is a high possibility of innocence.[14] Some Japanese researchers believe that is one of the causes of the high conviction rate in Japan.[15] The prosecution rate in Japan is 33.4%.[16] 64.3% was not pursued.

contact us full version