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Kawasaki ninja zx-12r

The meaning of «kawasaki ninja zx-12r»

The Kawasaki Ninja ZX-12R is a motorcycle in the Ninja sport bike series made by Kawasaki from 2000 through 2006. The 1,199 cc (73.2 cu in) inline-four engine produced 178 hp (133 kW) at low speed, and increased to 190 hp (140 kW) at high speed due to its ram-air intake,[8][9][10] making it the most powerful production motorcycle up to 2006 and the release of the ZX-14.[6][11] It was a contender to be the fastest production motorcycle, and played a role in bringing to a truce the escalating competition to build an ever-faster motorcycle. Its top speed was electronically limited to 186 mph (300 km/h), tying it with the Suzuki Hayabusa and Kawasaki Ninja ZX-14 as the fastest production motorcycle on the market, after the 303–312 km/h (188–194 mph) 1999 Hayabusa was replaced with a speed-limited version as part of a gentlemen's agreement between motorcycle manufacturers that lasted until the 298–311 km/h (185.4–193.24 mph) 2007 MV Agusta F4 R 312.[3][12][13][14]

Usually 1,200 cc Kawasaki sportbike was called ZZ-R1200 in some markets and ZX-12R in others, but the ZX-12R only went by one name. The 2002–2005 Kawasaki ZZ-R1200 touring motorcycle did use this scheme, going by either ZZ-R1200 or ZX-12C.[15] The ZX-12R's R designation followed the race-replica Kawasaki ZX-6R, ZX-7R, ZX-9R, ZX-10R.

From the first year of production ZX-12R, in the 2000 model year, its top speed was restricted by a motorcycle manufacturer gentlemen's agreement that was started in late 1999.[12][3][16][17] This was due to a voluntary gentlemen's agreement that included BMW Motorrad and the Japanese manufacturers, amid fears of government regulation of motorcycle speeds mainly in Europe.[12] Prior to the agreement, with rumors of going 200-mph[18] Kawasaki had planned a world press event to launch their answer to Suzuki's Hayabusa, but the event was abruptly cancelled, and instead the ZX-12R with a revised engine control unit that limited speed to about 300 km/h was released with no fanfare or comment by Kawasaki.[19]

At its introduction the ZX-12R was Kawasaki's flagship sport bike and a competitor to the Suzuki Hayabusa. Its handling and braking matched the power of the engine resulting in a motorcycle that was docile at low speeds and very easy to handle in heavy traffic,[opinion] but had strong acceleration. The 1,199 cc (73.2 cu in) displacement engine generated 161.2 hp (120.2 kW) at the rear wheel.[3] Cycle World tested the ZX-12R's 0 to 97 km/h (0 to 60 mph) acceleration at 2.59 seconds.[20] They found an electronically-limited top speed of 187 mph (301 km/h), a 97 to 0 km/h (60 to 0 mph) braking distance of 36 m (118 ft), and fuel economy of 32.1 mpg‑US (7.3 L/100 km; 38.6 mpg‑imp).[7] They tested the .mw-parser-output .frac{white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output .frac .num,.mw-parser-output .frac .den{font-size:80%;line-height:0;vertical-align:super}.mw-parser-output .frac .den{vertical-align:sub}.mw-parser-output .sr-only{border:0;clip:rect(0,0,0,0);height:1px;margin:-1px;overflow:hidden;padding:0;position:absolute;width:1px}0 to 1⁄4 mi (0.00 to 0.40 km) time at 10.04 seconds, reaching 231.39 km/h (143.78 mph).[7] The 1/4 mile result Motorcyclist reported was 9.87 seconds at 235.43 km/h (146.29 mph), [4] and Sport Rider found 9.95 seconds at 232.39 km/h (144.40 mph).[21]

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