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The meaning of «lucida»

Lucida (pronunciation: /ˈluːsɪdə/[1]) is an extended family of related typefaces designed by Charles Bigelow and Kris Holmes and released from 1984 onwards.[2][3] The family is intended to be extremely legible when printed at small size or displayed on a low-resolution display – hence the name, from 'lucid' (clear or easy to understand).[4]

There are many variants of Lucida, including serif (Fax, Bright), sans-serif (Sans, Sans Unicode, Grande, Sans Typewriter) and scripts (Blackletter, Calligraphy, Handwriting). Many are released with other software, most notably Microsoft Office.

Bigelow & Holmes, together with the (now defunct) TeX vendor Y&Y, extended the Lucida family with a full set of TeX mathematical symbols, making it one of the few typefaces that provide full-featured text and mathematical typesetting within TeX. Lucida is still licensed commercially through the TUG store[5] as well through their own web store.[6] The fonts are occasionally updated.

The Lucida fonts have a large x-height (tall lower-case letters), open apertures and quite widely spaced letters, classic features of fonts designed for legibility in body text.[3] Capital letters were designed to be somewhat narrow and short in order to make all-caps acronyms blend in. Bigelow has said in interview that the characters were designed based on hand-drawn bitmaps to see what parts of letters needed to be clear in bitmap, before creating outlines that would render as clear bitmaps. The fonts include ligatures, but these are not needed for text, allowing use on simplistic typesetting systems. x-heights are consistent between the fonts. Hinting was used to allow onscreen display.

A family of cursive blackletter fonts released in 1992.

Based on Lucida Serif, it features more contrasted strokes and serifs.

The font was first used as the text face for Scientific American magazine, and its letter-spacing was tightened to give it a slightly closer fit for use in two and three column formats.

A script font family, released in 1992 and developed from Chancery cursive. In 2014, Bigelow & Holmes released additional weights in normal and narrow widths.

A casual font, released in 1994. Similar to Lucida Handwriting, but without connecting strokes. In 2014, Bigelow & Holmes released additional weights in normal and narrow widths.

A variant of Lucida Sans Typewriter with smaller line spacing, and added WGL4 character set. In 2014, Bigelow & Holmes released bold weights and italics in normal and narrow widths. From Windows 2000 until Windows 7, it has been the default font for Notepad.[7] Lucida Console is a monospaced font.

A slab serif font family released in 1992. Derived from Lucida, and specifically designed for telefaxing.

A font, released in 1992, designed to resemble informal cursive handwriting with modern plastic-tipped or felt-tipped pens or markers. In 2014, Bigelow & Holmes added additional weights and widths to the family.

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Lucida Grande
Lucida Sans Unicode
Lucida (skipper)
Lucida Mansi
Alpha Vulpeculae
Alpha Monocerotis

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