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Oceania football confederation

The meaning of «oceania football confederation»

The Oceania Football Confederation (OFC) is one of the six continental confederations of international association football. The OFC's members consist of New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, and several Pacific Island countries; it promotes the game in Oceania and allows the member nations to qualify for the FIFA World Cup.

OFC is predominantly made up of island nations where association football is not the most popular sport. Consequently, the OFC has little influence in the wider football world, either in terms of international competition or as a source of players for high-profile club competitions. OFC is the only confederation to have not had at least one international title, the best result being Australia making the final of the 1997 FIFA Confederations Cup.

In 2006, the OFC's largest and most successful nation, Australia, left to join the Asian Football Confederation, leaving New Zealand as the largest federation within the OFC.

David Chung had been the President of OFC until April 2018, when he resigned and was replaced by Lambert Maltock. Rajesh Patel is the Senior Vice President, Lee Harmon is the Vice-President while Tai Nicholas is the General Secretary.[1]

The confederation formed in 1966, as a result of Australia and New Zealand's failed attempts to join the Asian Football Confederation (AFC).[2] The founding OFC members were the following:[3]

Australia resigned as an OFC member in 1972 to again pursue membership with the AFC, but rejoined the OFC in 1978.[4][5] Chinese Taipei was an OFC member from 1975 to 1989. In 1996, FIFA confirmed OFC as a full confederation and granted it a seat on the FIFA executive.[6] In 1998 the OFC unveiled a new logo and an official magazine, entitled The Wave. On 24 May 2004, New Caledonia became the 12th member of the OFC. On 1 January 2006, Australia left the OFC again and joined the Asian Football Confederation. In 2008, an associate member, the Northern Mariana Islands Football Association, also left the OFC and in 2009 joined the AFC as an associate member. In late 2009, the Palau Football Association, geographically a part of Oceania but with no official ties to the OFC, also applied for the same status with the AFC as the Northern Mariana Islands association but was not successful.[7]

Throughout its history, there have been calls to disband the OFC, or to merge it with the AFC. The calls grew louder in 2003 when FIFA reversed a decision to grant Oceania an automatic spot at the World Cup.[8] Australia's lack of World Cup participation prior to 2006 has been blamed by many on the OFC qualification process, with football writer Matthew Hall stating in 2003, "For World Cup qualification, the Socceroos will win games by cricket scores and then face a sudden-death play-off against a desperate, battle-hardened opponent given a second, or even third, life."[8]

OFC is made up of 11 full member associations and 2 associate members. Those two are associate members of the OFC, but are not FIFA members.[11]

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